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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS024-E-8396 Date: Jul. 2010
Geographic Region: PERU
Feature: SABANCAYA VOLCANO, LAVA FLOWS, AMPATO VOLCANO, HUALCA HUALCA VOLCANO

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  Sabancaya Volcano, Perú

The 5,967-meter- (19,577-foot-) high Sabancaya stratovolcano (Nevado Sabancaya in the local language) is located in southern Perú, approximately 70 kilometers (40 miles) northwest of the city of Arequipa. The name Sabancaya means “tongue of fire” in the Quechua Indian language.

Sabancaya is part of a volcanic complex that includes two other nearby (and older) volcanoes, neither of which has been active historically. In this detailed astronaut photograph, Nevado Ampato is visible to the south (image left), and the lower flanks of Nevado Hualca Hualca are visible to the north (image top right). The snowy peaks of the three volcanoes provide a stark contrast to the surrounding desert of the Puna Plateau.

Sabancaya’s first historical record of an eruption dates to 1750. The most recent eruptive activity at the volcano occurred in July 2003, and it deposited ash on the volcano’s summit and northeastern flank. Volcanism at Sabancaya is fueled by magma generated at the subduction zone between the Nazca and South American tectonic plates.

Magma can erupt to the surface and form lava flows through the volcano’s summit (frequently forming a crater), but it can also erupt from lava domes and flank vents along the volcano’s sides. Lava has issued from all of these points at Sabancaya, forming numerous gray to dark brown scalloped lobes that extend in all directions except southwards (image center).
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 221k
Mission: ISS024  
Roll - Frame: E - 8396
Geographical Name: PERU  
Features: SABANCAYA VOLCANO, LAVA FLOWS, AMPATO VOLCANO, HUALCA HUALCA VOLCANO  
Center Lat x Lon: 15.8S x 71.8W
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N2
 
Camera Tilt: 17   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 400  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: E   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 2793  
 
Date: 20100715   YYYYMMDD
Time: 140740   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 15.7S  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 72.8W  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 49   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 192   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 34   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: CRATER, DESERT, PLATEAU, VOLCANO  
Water Views:  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views:  
City Views:  
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