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  Image: Geographic Location Direction Photo #: ISS026-E-33647 Date: Mar. 2011
Geographic Region: JAPAN
Feature: SUNGLINT, NARUSE R., MATSUSHIMA AIRPORT LOCATION

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  Tsunami Damage to Japanese Coast

On March 13, 2011, flood waters lingered along the Japanese coast north and east of Sendai in the aftermath of a magnitude 9.0 earthquake. An astronaut on the International Space Station took this photograph of Higashimatsushima from an altitude of 220 miles (350 kilometers). Both agricultural fields and settled areas are submerged by muddy water, while the crisscrossing runways at Matsushima Airport are surrounded.

The March 11 earthquake caused severe damage to oil refineries, some of which caught fire. In the aftermath, oil floated on the surface of Ishinomaki Bay. In this photo, sunglint—the mirror-like reflection of the Sun on the ocean's surface—highlights the oil slicks; oil smooths the surface and makes the water more reflective. In this image, patches of oil tend to appear lighter than oil-free areas. Other phenomena, however, can lighten the water’s appearance, especially close to the shore.
 
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Images: All Available Images Low-Resolution 214k
Mission: ISS026  
Roll - Frame: E - 33647
Geographical Name: JAPAN  
Features: SUNGLINT, NARUSE R., MATSUSHIMA AIRPORT LOCATION  
Center Lat x Lon: 38.4N x 141.2E
Film Exposure:   N=Normal exposure, U=Under exposed, O=Over exposed, F=out of Focus
Percentage of Cloud Cover-CLDP: 10
 
Camera: N2
 
Camera Tilt: 43   LO=Low Oblique, HO=High Oblique, NV=Near Vertical
Camera Focal Length: 800  
 
Nadir to Photo Center Direction: S   The direction from the nadir to the center point, N=North, S=South, E=East, W=West
Stereo?:   Y=Yes there is an adjacent picture of the same area, N=No there isn't
Orbit Number: 2577  
 
Date: 20110313   YYYYMMDD
Time: 014444   GMT HHMMSS
Nadir Lat: 41.2N  
Latitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Nadir Lon: 140.9E  
Longitude of suborbital point of spacecraft
Sun Azimuth: 159   Clockwise angle in degrees from north to the sun measured at the nadir point
Space Craft Altitude: 184   nautical miles
Sun Elevation: 44   Angle in degrees between the horizon and the sun, measured at the nadir point
Land Views: COAST  
Water Views: BAY, OCEAN, SUNGLINT  
Atmosphere Views:  
Man Made Views: AIRPORT  
City Views: ISHINOMAKI  
Photo is not associated with any sequences


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