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The Gateway to Astronaut Photography of Earth

(NASA Crew Earth Observations)


















"We catch a glimpse of a huge swirl of clouds out the window over the middle of the Pacific Ocean, or the boot of Italy jutting down into the Mediterranean, or the brilliant blue coral reefs of the Caribbean strutting their beauty before the stars. And...we experienced those uniquely human qualities: awe, curiosity, wonder, joy, amazement." (Russell L. Schweickart, Apollo Astronaut ("The Home Planet")






Photographing the Earth from the International Space Station

Cameras Used on the ISS and Shuttle Missions by NASA Astronauts to Photograph Earth

Canon Digital IXUS 700

Specifications:

  • Image Sensor Type: 1/1.8" CCD
  • Image Sensor Effective Pixels: Approx. 7.1M
  • Image Sensor Color Filter Type: Primary Color
  • Image Processor Type: DIGIC II with iSAPS technology
  • Lens Focal Length: 7.7 - 23.1 mm (35mm film equivalent: 37 - 111mm)
  • Lens Zoom: Optical 3x, digital approx. 4.0x, combined approx. 12x
  • Lens Maximum f/number: f/2.8 - f/4.9
  • Lens Construction: 7 elements in 5 groups (2 aspherical elements)
  • Focusing Type: TTL
  • Focusing AF System / Points: 9-point AiAF, 1-point AF (Fixed centre)
  • Focusing AF Lock: On/Off Selectable
  • Focusing AF Assist Beam: Yes
  • Focusing Closest Focusing Distance: 5cm
  • Exposure Control Metering Modes: Evaluative, Centre-weighted average, Spot (center)
  • Exposure Control AE Lock: On/Off Selectable
  • Exposure Control Exposure Compensation: +/- 2 EV in 1/3 stop increments
  • Exposure Control ISO Sensitivity: AUTO, 50, 100, 200, 400
  • Shutter Speed: 15 - 1/2,000 sec (Slow Shutter speeds of 1 sec. and more, available in Long Shutter Mode only. Shutter speeds of 1.3 sec. and more operate with noise reduction).
  • White Balance Type: TTL
  • White Balance Settings: Auto, Daylight, Cloudy, Tungsten, Fluorescent, Fluorescent H, Custom
  • Viewfinder: Real-image zoom, optical viewfinder
  • LCD Monitor Monitor: 2.0” P-Si TFT, approx. 118,000 pixels
  • LCD Monitor Coverage: 100%
  • LCD Monitor Brightness: Adjustable to one of fifteen levels
  • Shooting Modes: Auto, Manual, Digital Macro, Special scene mode (Portrait, Foliage, Snow, Beach, Fireworks, Underwater, Indoor, Kids & Pets, Night Snapshot), Stitch Assist, Movie
  • Shooting Photo Effects: Vivid, Neutral, Low Sharpening, Sepia, Black & White, My Colors (9 settings)
  • Shooting Drive Modes: Single, Continuous, Self-Timer
  • Shooting Continuous Shooting: Approx. 2.0 fps (until memory card becomes full)
  • Image size: (L)3072 x 2304, (M1)2592 x 1944, (M2)2048 x 1536, (M3)1600 x 1200, (S)640 x 480, Postcard Date Imprint
  • Compression: Superfine, Fine, Normal
  • Still Image Type: JPEG compression, (Exif 2.2 [Exif Print] compliant) / Design rule for Camera File system, Digital Print Order Format [DPOF] Version 1.1 compliant